Calgary, a cosmopolitan Alberta city with numerous skyscrapers, owes its rapid growth to its status as the centre of Canada’s oil industry. However, it’s still steeped in the western culture that earned it the nickname “Cowtown,” evident in the Calgary Stampede, its massive July rodeo and festival that grew out of the farming exhibitions once presented here.

Language: English and French (Ontario and Quebec are primarily French-speaking provinces, while the rest of the country speaks primarily English. If you are concerned about the language barrier–there isn’t one, most citizens speak both languages and are happy to assist if you don’t know their primary language).

Visa: You can find out quickly if you need to get a visa prior to your trip or if you are eligible for visa upon arrival by taking a quick questionnaire on the Canadian government’s website. Citizens of the United States and many European countries receive a visa upon arrival at the port of entry.

Currency: $ Canadian Dollar (as of September 2017, the Canadian dollar is about .80 the US dollar).

Currency Exchange: Check your credit cards as some have free/cheaper exchange rates compared to getting cash at the airports. It’s also a good idea to have cash on hand if you plan on hiking or road-tripping as not all gas stations and grocery stores have credit card processing available as you get further away from the big cities.

Weather: The weather in Canada varies. In the summer months (June-August) you can expect weather as hot as 30C (86F). In the winter months (November-March) the temperatures can get as low as -50C (-58F).

Electricity: Canada’s electrical supply and electrical outlets (sockets, wall plugs) are the same as those found in the United States. The electrical supply is 120 Volts and 60 Hertz (cycles per second). Remember to grab a universal power plug adapter converting from EU, UK, CN, AUC to North American like this.

Transportation: Air, Rail, Bus, Ferry, Car, Public Transportation, Taxis, Walking & Cycling.

Things to remember:




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