Canada is a country located in North America. It’s the second largest country in the world–so big that it is surrounded by three oceans: the Pacific, the Arctic and the Atlantic. Even with all of that space, the population is only about 36 million. It’s a beautiful country with various kinds of landscape and weather, unique points of interest and minimal crowds. Major cities include Calgary, Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver. Canada’s vast swaths of wilderness include Banff National Park and Jasper National Park located in the Canadian Rocky Mountains. Some other major points of interest are the Niagara Falls, Capilano Suspension Bridge and Parliament Hill.

Language: English and French (Ontario and Quebec are primarily French-speaking provinces, while the rest of the country speaks primarily English. If you are concerned about the language barrier–there isn’t one, most citizens speak both languages and are happy to assist if you don’t know their primary language).

Visa: You can find out quickly if you need to get a visa prior to your trip or if you are eligible for visa upon arrival by taking a quick questionnaire on the Canadian government’s website. Citizens of the United States and many European countries receive a visa upon arrival at the port of entry.

Currency: $ Canadian Dollar (as of September 2017, the Canadian dollar is about .80 the US dollar).

Currency Exchange: Check your credit cards as some have free/cheaper exchange rates compared to getting cash at the airports. It’s also a good idea to have cash on hand if you plan on hiking or road-tripping as not all gas stations and grocery stores have credit card processing available as you get further away from the big cities.

Tipping: Tipping is not optional; only withhold tips in cases of outrageously bad service.

Weather: The weather in Canada varies. In the summer months (June-August) you can expect weather as hot as 30C (86F). In the winter months (November-March) the temperatures can get as low as -50C (-58F).

Electricity: Canada’s electrical supply and electrical outlets (sockets, wall plugs) are the same as those found in the United States. The electrical supply is 120 Volts and 60 Hertz (cycles per second). Remember to grab a universal power plug adapter converting from EU, UK, CN, AUC to North American like this.

Transportation: Air, Rail, Bus, Ferry, Car, Public Transportation, Taxis, Walking & Cycling.

Things to remember:

Link to personal experience.